Small Forms of Wooden Architecture of the Russian North: Fences, Gates, Wicket Doors and Retaining Walls

  • Olga Sevan

Abstract

The article studies historical and modern aspects of design and building of small architectural forms (fences, gates, wicket doors, retaining walls and partially – bridge fences) in many regions of the Russian North and other regions of Russia. This work is based on the author’s investigations of the great number of monuments of wooden architecture during the visit to several regions of Russia in connection with preparation of the Collection of Monuments and the building of open-air museums in the Vologda and Arkhangelsk regions (“Malye Korely”). The author suggests her own systematization of the above-mentioned constructions, most of which have eventually become monuments of folk architecture. The majority of the discovered and measured small architectural forms are reconstructed in the museums. They can be also easily built in the real environment of rural settlements, small towns, country estates and dacha communities of the mentioned regions.

Author Biography

Olga Sevan

Ph.D. in Architecture, head of the department of social and cultural development of regions of the Russian Institute of Culturology, president of the Russian Committee ECOVAST, member of the ICOMOS (Moscow)

How to Cite
SEVAN, Olga. Small Forms of Wooden Architecture of the Russian North: Fences, Gates, Wicket Doors and Retaining Walls. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 36, p. 88-95, may 2013. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <http://www.projectbaikal.com/index.php/pb/article/view/137>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.7480/projectbaikal.36.137.

Keywords

small architectural forms; fences; gates; wicket doors; retaining walls; regional peculiarities; rural settlements; small towns; open-air museums

Published
2013-05-27