Small Towns, Brain and Architectural Education


The number of Russian architects in relation to the country’s total population is far below the western countries and close to China and India. Most Russian cities lack their own architectural schools or communities, which makes it currently important to develop different types of the remote work with unique cultural contexts of small historic towns. The development of these types is hindered by the existing system of architectural education focused on analytical “left-brain” methods of thinking. The synthetic “right-brain” methods were actively developed in the pedagogical policies of the most creative periods in Russian architecture. It is proposed to develop and to use the methods of integrative thinking in the present-day training of architects.


Arkhitektura: Raboty Arkhitekturnogo fakulteta Vkhutemasa: 1920-1927 [Architecture: works by
Vkhutemas Architectural Faculty: 1920-1927]. (1927). Cover by L. M. Lisitsky; photos by S. G. Khlystov; introduction by Pavel Novitsky; Foreword by Prof. N. Dokuchaev. Moscow: Izdanie Vkhutemasa.

Bazhenova, E. (2019). Problemy sovremennogo arkhitekturnogo obrazovaniya [Problems of contemporary architectural education]. Akkreditatsiya v obrazovanii, 9(109). Retrieved from

Indian Institute of Architects. (n.d.). Official site. Retrieved from https://indianinstituteofarchitects.

Lidin, K., & Ushkova, N. (2014). A Costume for Love to the Small Motherland. Project Baikal, 11(42), 138-141. doi:10.7480/projectbaikal.42.801

Lidin, K. (2017). A Pack of Questions. On the problem of intercivilisational relations between East and West. Project Baikal, 14(54), 33-40. doi:10.7480/projectbaikal.54.1246

Maslov, Yu. S. (1986). Teoriya deduktivnykh system i ee primenenie [Theory of deductive systems and its application]. Moscow: Radio i svyaz’].

Mikailov, S. M., & Mikhailova, A. S. (2008). Stanovlenie universalnogo proektnogo metoda v pervykh
shkolakh promyshlennogo disaina – Baukhauze i VKHUTEMASe v 1920-e gody [Formation of a common design method in the first schools of industrial design – Bauhaus and VKHUTEMAS in the 1920s]. Mir nauki, kultury, obrazovaniya, 5(12), 104-106.

Monditalia. La Biennale di Venezia – 14th Architecture Exhibition. Catalogue. Venice, OMA.

Ocklenburg, S., & Güntürkün, O. (2012, January 26). Hemispheric asymmetries: the comparative view. Front. Psychol.

Zilberstein, I. S., & Soloviev, A. A. (Eds.). (1971). V. I. Lenin i A. V.Lunacharsky: Perepiska, doklady,
dokumenty [V. I. Lenin i A. V.Lunacharsky: Correspondence, reports, documents]. Moscow: Nauka. (Lit. nasledstvo, Vol. 80).
How to Cite
BULGAKOVA, Elena; LIDIN, Konstantin. Small Towns, Brain and Architectural Education. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 61, p. 56-59, aug. 2019. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 05 aug. 2020.