Architecture Culture Formation in Turkey: The Role of the Competitions in Transnational Exchanges in the Case of Izmir

Abstract

Architecture and urban design competitions played an essential role in the formation of the Turkish architecture culture in particular contributing to and application of the modern architecture in Turkey (1923-1950s). Turkish modern architecture in the modern era emerged notably from transnational exchange with the German speaking world. The city of Izmir in the early Republican Era 1923-1950s is an exceptional case to investigate impact of the architecture competitions in the further development of the East Mediterranean port city. Exchanges between local and foreign actors within the architecture competitions in a specific geographical context helped reflecting on changing global movements and ideologies in relation to nation-building project approved by the central government in the capital city Ankara that altered architectural and urban developments.

References

—. (1952a). İzmir Şehri İmar Plânı Milletlerarası Proje Müsabakası Programı (1 Mayıs 1951–1 Aralık 1951). Arkitekt (1952-05-08 (249-250-251-252))

—. (1952b). İzmir Şehri İmar Plânı Milletlerarası Proje Müsabakası Şartnamesi (1 Mayıs 1951–1 Aralık 1951). Arkitekt (1952-05-08 (249-250-251-252))

—. (1952c). İzmir Şehri Milletlerarası İmar Plânı Müsabakası Jüri Raporu. Arkitekt (1952-05-08 (249-250-251-252))

Ahmad, F. (1996). Ittihatciliktan Kemalizme («From Unionism to Kemalism»). Kaynak Yayinlari: Istanbul

Akcan, E. (2007). Reciprocal Translations of Garden City Housing in Intertwined Histories. Turkey and Central Europe. 2 vols. Vol. 7

Akcan, E. (2012). Architecture in Translation: Germany, Turkey, and the Modern House: Duke University Press

Atalay Franck, O. (2004). Politik und Architektur, Ernst Egli und die Suche nach einer Moderne in der Türkei (1927–1940) (Doctoral dissertation, ETH Zurich)

Avermaete, T., & Gosseye, J. (2018). The Travelling Type: How Buildings and Practices Migrate Across Cultures. In Acculturating the Shopping Centre (pp. 164–173). Routledge

Avermaete, T., Havik, K., & d'Auria, V. (2015). Crossing boundaries: transcultural practices in architecture and urbanism. Oase: Tijdschrift voor Architectuur, 95, 3–7

Harzig, C., & Hoerder, D. (2013). What is migration history?: John Wiley & Sons

Hastaoglou-Martinidis, V. (2011). Urban aesthetics and national identity: the refashioning of Eastern Mediterranean cities between 1900 and 1940. Planning Perspectives, 26 (2), 153–182

Hein, C. (2011). Port cities: Dynamic landscapes and global networks: Routledge
Imamoglu, B. (2010). Architectural production in state offices: an inquiry into the professionalization of architecture in early Republican Turkey. TU Delft, Delft University of Technology

Meltem, I. A. (2010). 1930*2010 Yılları Arasında Bir Proje Elde Etme Yöntemi Olarak Türkiye'deki Mimari Tasarım Yarışmalarının İrdelenmesi. (Masters Degree). Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, İstanbul

Nicolai, B. (1998). Moderne und Exil.: Deutschsprachige Architekten in der Türkei 1925–1955: Verlag Fur Bauwesen

Pratt, M. L. (1992). Travel writing and transculturation. London and New York: Routledge, 2 (4), 5
Sayar, Y. Y. (1998). The Impact of Architectural Design Competititions in Evaluation of Architectural Design Trends for a Secular Identity. (PhD). Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, İzmir

Sayar, Zeki. (1945). Müsabakalar ve Juriler, Arkitekt, nr. 1945-05-06 (161–162)

Serçe, E., Yılmaz, F., & Yetkin, S. (2003). Küllerinden Doğan Şehir: The City Which Rose From the Ashes. In: İzmir: İzmir Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kültür Yayını

Shaw, S. J. (2016). Turkey and the Holocaust: Turkey's Role in Rescuing Turkish and European Jewry from Nazi Persecution, 1933–1945: Springer

Volait, M., & Nasr, J. (2003). Urbanism: Imported or Exported? Native Aspirations and Foreign Plans: Wiley-Academy

Ward, S. V. (2017). Planning Difusion: Agents, Mechanisms, Networks, and Theories. In The Routledge Handbook of Planning History (pp. 90–104): Routledge

Yaramış, A. B. (2000). 1930–2000 yılları arasında Türkiye'de gerçekleştirilen mimari tasarım yarışmalarının belgelenmesi ve genel bir değerlendirme. (Masters Degree). Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul
How to Cite
TANIŞ, Fatma; HOEVEN, Frank van der. Architecture Culture Formation in Turkey. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 61, p. 162-171, aug. 2019. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <http://www.projectbaikal.com/index.php/pb/article/view/1521>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2019.
Published
2019-08-29