Climate Action Plans, an Essential Planning Tool for Cities

  • Christian Horn Rethink - solutions for the built environment
Keywords: Climate change; CO2 emissions; United Nations Climate Change Conference; COP 21; Paris Agreement; climate action plan; Paris; Berlin; participation; Russia; Moscow


Climate change is happening on a faster pace than ever recorded before. It has become visible in multiple wildfires on nearly all continents, heat waves, melting glacier, thawing of permafrost, water shortage, the reduction of the biodiversity and other occurrences. The Paris agreement, based on the negotiations of the 21st Conference of the Parties in Paris (COP21) in December 2015, focus to contain global warming well below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels by 2100, and strives to limit the increase to +1.5°C. To implement the objectives of the Paris agreement on their territories, many European cities developed their municipal climate action plans with the objective of becoming carbon neutral by 2050. To achieve this objective, it is crucial to involve all stakeholders: public and private entities, associations and citizens, as about 80% (in the case of Paris) of the objective are depending of their implication and changes in behaviour.


Carson, R. (2002). Silent spring (40th anniversary ed., 1st Mariner Books ed). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Climate Action Tracker. (2018, December 1). Temperatures | Climate Action Tracker. Retrieved September 14, 2019 from

Digges, Charles. (2019, September 6). Russia to sign Paris Accord as ministry forecasts climate change calamities. Retrieved September 14, 2019 from

Guggenheim, Davis. (2006). An Inconvenient Truth [Documentary]. Paramount Classics.

Land Berlin. (2018). Berliner Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm. Retrieved from

Land Berlin. (2019, June 18). Klimaschutz mit Breitenwirkung : Bericht an den Hauptausschuss zum Berliner Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm 2030. Retrieved September 15, 2019 from

Lecroart, P. (2019). Les villes changent le monde (Les Cahiers). Retrieved from

Meadows, D. H., & Club of Rome (Éd.). (1972). The Limits to growth : A report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books.

Ville de Paris. (2018). Plan Climat Énergie. Retrieved from
How to Cite
Horn, C. (2019). Climate Action Plans, an Essential Planning Tool for Cities. Project Baikal, 16(62), 9-17. Retrieved from