Universities: a Geographer’s Point of View

  • Anatoly Yakobson Irkutsk State University of Railway Engineering

Abstract

Since the XIIIth century the number of universities in Europe has been constantly growing. During the XXth century similar growth was in the countries of the USSR, but its character changed. Until the 1950s universities appeared in big cities on a well-prepared staffing and organizational ground. In the last quarter of the XXth century there were tendencies towards inflation of the higher education, decrease of its prestige and its formalization. In the 1990s and up to the present time, bureaucratization of universities extended so much that it put the system of Russian universities on the edge of survival.

References

Big Soviet Encyclopedia [Bolshaya sovetskaya entsyklopedia] (1977). (Vol. 27, p.18). Moscow: Sovetskaya entsyklopedia.

Kosminsky, E. A., & Levandovsky, A. P. (Eds.) (1958). The Atlas of Medieval History [Atlas istorii srednikh vekov]. Moscow: GUGK MVD SSSR.

Kurennoi, V. (2006). University Corporation [Universitetskaya korporatsiya]. Neprikosnovennyi Zapas, 4-5 [cited 10 February 2015]. Retrieved from: http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2006/48/ku21.

Walter Rüegg (Hrsg.) (1993). Geschichte der Universität in Europa. Bd. I: Mittelalter. München: Verlag C. H. Beck. S. 24.
How to Cite
YAKOBSON, Anatoly. Universities: a Geographer’s Point of View. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 44, p. 90-95, may 2015. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <http://www.projectbaikal.com/index.php/pb/article/view/836>. Date accessed: 16 dec. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.7480/projectbaikal.44.836.

Keywords

Universities; geography; history; the XXth century; inflation of higher education

Published
2015-05-25