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Universities: a Geographer’s Point of View

Anatoly Yakobson

Abstract


Since the XIIIth century the number of universities in Europe has been constantly growing. During the XXth century similar growth was in the countries of the USSR, but its character changed. Until the 1950s universities appeared in big cities on a well-prepared staffing and organizational ground. In the last quarter of the XXth century there were tendencies towards inflation of the higher education, decrease of its prestige and its formalization. In the 1990s and up to the present time, bureaucratization of universities extended so much that it put the system of Russian universities on the edge of survival.


Keywords


Universities; geography; history; the XXth century; inflation of higher education

References


Big Soviet Encyclopedia [Bolshaya sovetskaya entsyklopedia] (1977). (Vol. 27, p.18). Moscow: Sovetskaya entsyklopedia.

Kosminsky, E. A., & Levandovsky, A. P. (Eds.) (1958). The Atlas of Medieval History [Atlas istorii srednikh vekov]. Moscow: GUGK MVD SSSR.

Kurennoi, V. (2006). University Corporation [Universitetskaya korporatsiya]. Neprikosnovennyi Zapas, 4-5 [cited 10 February 2015]. Retrieved from: http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2006/48/ku21.

Walter Rüegg (Hrsg.) (1993). Geschichte der Universität in Europa. Bd. I: Mittelalter. München: Verlag C. H. Beck. S. 24.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7480/projectbaikal.44.836

DOI (PDF (Русский)): http://dx.doi.org/10.7480/projectbaikal.44.836.824



Copyright (c) 2015 Anatoly Yakobson

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