Architecture and Intelligentsia

  • Alexander Rappaport Union of Moscow Architects; Union of Designers of Russia; UMA Internet-magazine “Architector”; International Association of Architecture Critics


The article observes intellectual and cultural level of architecture and its important functions in social process. Historical analysis shows constant decline of intellectual level of profession, as a reaction on radical changes in its social functions and mass scale, leading to degrading of individual critical reflection and growing dependence of architecture to political and economical bureaucracy.

How to Cite
RAPPAPORT, Alexander. Architecture and Intelligentsia. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 45, p. 10-12, aug. 2015. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 feb. 2020. doi:


Political party; architecture; intelligentsia; culture; education; profession; critique; interpretation