The Strategy for Preservation and Development of the Historical Heritage of the RF: Рroblems and Their Solutions

Alexander Kudryavtsev


National cultural heritage is a key element of the social, economic and intellectual potential of Russia. The masterpieces of the historical and material culture are symbols of the nation. The existing legislative and regulatory basis ensures preservation of the cultural heritage. However, it is hard to overcome the negative dynamics of the irreparable loss of the cultural heritage sites – the wooden architecture, the works of the avant-garde, the 1930-1950s, the Soviet Modernism. The historical environment disappears in small and medium towns. The article gives several positive examples of dealing with the historical heritage, including the alternative methods of economical management of cultural heritage properties. The leading role in heritage preservation belongs to the town-planning factor in the system of preservation, the rise of the authorities’ responsibility, and cooperation between the state and the civil society.


cultural heritage preservation; legislative and regulatory basis; town-planning factor; wooden architecture; Soviet avant-garde of the 1930-50s; Soviet Modernism; diversity of the alternative methods of cultural heritage management.


Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted at National Voting on December 12, 1993). Retrieved from http://www.

Federal Law of June 25, 2002 N73-83. On cultural heritage sites (historical and cultural monuments of the peoples of the Russian Federation). Retrieved from

Grozny, D., & Shnurenko, I. (2012, September 19). Chto mozhno otrestavririovat’ i rekonstruirovat’ v Peterburge za 4 trln rublei [What one can restore and reconstruct in Petersburg for 4 tln rubles]. Retrieved from

International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (the Venice Charter). (1964). Retrieved


Meeting of the Presidential Council for Culture and Art. (2015, December 25). [Transcript]. Retrieved from

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. State report on the condition of culture in the Russian Federation in 2013. Retrieved from

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. State report on the condition of culture in the Russian Federation in 2014. Retrieved from

Muzei derevyannogo zodchestva [Museums of wooden architecture]. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Rubl’ za kv. metr [Ruble per square meter] [Television programme]. Retrieved from

Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences. (2009). Prognoz fundamentalnykh issledovanii v oblasti arkhitektury, gradostroitelstva i stroitelnykh nauk do 2030 goda [Forecast of fundamental researches in architecture, town-planning and construction sciences until 2030]. Retrieved from

Rypkema, D. (2006). Ekonomika istoricheskogo naslediya: Prakticheskoe posobie dlya rukovoditelei [The Economics of Historic Preservation: A Community Leader’s Guide]. Moscow:

Building (Book series ARCH)


DOI (PDF (Русский)):

Copyright (c) 2016 Alexander Kudryavtsev

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.